The Bloodhound has a long and noble history. Originating from Western Europe some time around the 14th century, the name Bloodhound was used to denote a hound of pure blood, alluding to stringent breeding practices. Bloodhounds have been used to track down both animal and human quarry. Although they are large enough to take down prey by themselves, Bloodhounds are much more likely to alert their owner of any located prey rather than take it on themselves.
History is dotted with Bloodhound stories, including 14th century Scottish and English records that indicate the rebel William Wallace was tracked by Sleuth Hounds, which are believed to be the same as Bloodhounds. Seventeenth century scientist Robert Boyle wrote noteworthy reports on the breeds tracking abilities. In the 19th century, Bloodhounds were shipped to France to help bring back the St. Hubert dog breed. For this reason, they are known as the Chien Saint Hubert with the Federation Cynologique Internationale.
The Bloodhound came to the United States at the end of the 19th century and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 along with their smaller cousin, the Basset Hound. Since then, these dogs have enjoyed an enduring popularity with the American people.