Belgian Malinois Photo

Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Info & Pictures

The Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized dog with a black mask, black-tipped fur, and a coat color that ranges from fawn to mahogany. While Belgian Malinois puppies may look like German Shepherds, there are several differences between the two breeds. The Belgian Malinois dog is smaller and lighter, and they lack the German Shepherds characteristic black saddle. Also, the Belgian MAlinois is generally a more energetic and agile breed. These beautiful, well-proportioned dogs sport a chiseled and refined head with triangular ears. Their eyes are almond-shaped, black-rimmed, and usually dark brown in color.

Belgian Malinois Fast Facts

10 - 12 years
19th century
65 - 68 lb
60 - 65 lb
24 - 26"
22 - 24"
Belgin Malinois, Belgian Malinoi, Belgen Malinois
Chien de Berger Belge, Malinois


The Belgian Malinois is highly energetic and born to work....

When they meet people and animals they dont know, their personalities can range from friendly to reserved. To encourage friendly behavior, Belgian Malinois puppies should be exposed to many new people, animals, and situations in a positive, controlled environment. These dogs are very protective of their property and owners, but they are usually not unnecessarily aggressive. The Belgian Malinois thrives in an environment where tasks must be performed. Without anything to do, the dog can become bored or even depressed. Your Belgian Malinois will require lots of exercise and activity, and they respond best to owners who are able to provide firm structure, discipline, and positive reinforcement. The Malinois can be great with children, provided they are introduced to them as puppies. Both your Belgian Malinois dog and your child should be taught how to safely interact with each other.

Caring For a Belgian Malinois

The Belgian Malinois is a low-maintenance breed in terms of grooming....

They should be brushed every few days to keep their coat healthy, and more frequently during heavy shedding periods. Like other breeds with waterproof coats, excessive bathing should be avoided. The most important part of caring for a Belgian Malinois is providing your dog with plenty of exercise and activities. These dogs are happiest when they have something to do, whether its running around outside or learning a new trick! The Belgian Malinois is capable of living outdoors in temperate climates, but they are much happier when they can spend at least part of their time indoors. Though generally healthy, this breed is occasionally known to be afflicted with canine hip and elbow dysplasia.

Belgian Malinois History

Breed History

The Belgian Malinois is one of four varieties of the Belgian Shepherd, a breed that traces their roots back to Belgium in the late 1800s....

The Belgian Malinois derives their name from Malines, a city in Belgium. This hardy breed was intended to perform all the tasks required of a herding dog in the harsh northern European climate. Until 1891, there was no breed standard for the Belgian Shepherd. In September 1891, Belgian veterinarian Adolphe Reul formed the Club du Chien de Berger Belge, or Belgian Shepherd Dog Club, to establish a breed standard. He found that many of the dogs were similar in stature, but differed in coat color and type. These dogs were recognized as Belgian Shepherds. While the breed was recognized by the AKC in 1911, it was not until 1959 that the Belgian Shepherd was split into distinct categories in the United States.