Australian Cattle Dog Photo

Australian Cattle Dog Dog Breed Info & Pictures

The Australian Cattle Dog is a medium-sized dog with a smooth, flat coat texture. Coloring is either blue or red speckle. If blue, the acceptable colors and markings are blue, black, white and tan that is distributed evenly. For red speckled Australian Cattle Dogs there should be red mottling with no cream or white. The head is proportionate to the rest of the body, strong and balanced. The muzzle is medium in length and neither pointed nor cheeky, with a pure black nose. The eyes are oval in shape and dark brown in color, and should convey alert intelligence. Ears are medium in size, wide set apart and moderately pointed. Teeth should be strong and scissor-like. The body is strong and muscular, while the tail is set moderately low with a mild curve.

Australian Cattle Dog Fast Facts

11 - 13 years
19th century
40 - 45 lb
35 - 40 lb
18 - 20"
17 - 19"
Australian Cartle Dog, Auatralian Cattle Dog or Australien Cattle Dog.
Blue Heeler, Hall's Heeler, Queensland Heeler


Because these dogs were bred to herd, they are energetic and enthusiastic....

They are loyal and loving protectors and need a lot of fresh air and exercise. Australian Cattle Dogs can be great with children, as long as they are introduced to youngsters at an early age. They will often need to be directed not to nip at the heels of little ones, because this is a herding instinct that is ingrained within them. The Australian Cattle Dog is wary of strangers and can become aggressive towards them if not socialized properly as puppies. These dogs can be exuberant and stubborn, especially when they are young. They need firm handling and an owner that is willing and able to provide them with the direction and exercise they need. The Australian Cattle Dog needs wide open spaces in which to run and is definitely not a dog for an apartment dweller. If you have additional dogs or other pets, care must be taken to manage the dog's dominant tendencies.

Caring For a Australian Cattle Dog

One of the best things about the Australian Cattle Dog is how little grooming it requires....

The short coat is highly weatherproof and only needs periodic brushing with a stiff brush. The coat may, however, need extra brushing during the shedding months. It is not necessary to bathe your Australian Cattle Dog very often, unless it gets very dirty. Known health issues include hip dysplasia, osteochondritis dissecans, deafness, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts and elbow dysplasia.

Australian Cattle Dog History

Breed History

Robert Kaleski, a native Australian, is credited with the development of the Australian Cattle Dog....

Early Australian settlers needed a dog that could survive in the harsh outback conditions, and much experimentation was conducted before the Australian Cattle Dog as we know it emerged. The Australian Cattle Dog originated from dogs that were brought from London, known as Smithfields. Smithfields were good enough herders, but not equipped for the difficult conditions of the Australian outback. A breeder by the name of George Elliot attempted to create the ideal outback dog by breeding a Smithfield with an Australian Dingo. Unfortunately, these dogs could not be trusted as it was discovered that they would kill calves when they were not under the supervision of their handlers. In 1840, Thomas Hall imported a couple of Blue Smooth Highland Collies, whose offspring were bred with the Dingo. These dogs were known as Hall's Heelers, but were still not considered the ideal Australian shepherd dog. In the early 1870s, these Heelers were bred with dogs like the Bull Terrier and Dalmatian. Years and years of experimentation as well as a lot of trial and error finally created the Australian Cattle Dog of today. Having followed a long and winding path as a breed, the Australian Cattle Dog was finally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1980.