American Eskimo Dog Photo

American Eskimo Dog Dog Breed Info & Pictures

The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz family. Like most Spitz breeds, the American Eskimo Dog has pointed, erect ears and an impressive coat. The head is fairly small and carries an intelligent expression. The eyes have an oval shape, are dark brown in color, and are surrounded by dark brown or black rims. The nose, like the rims, is a medium to dark brown color. The American Eskimo Dog has a beautifully plumed tail that usually curls up freely over the back but may drop down when the dog is at rest. The dog features a double coat that stands off from the body, keeping the dog warm in snowy climes. The American Eskimo Dogs body is compact, and like the Poodle this breed comes in three distinct sizes: standard, miniature and toy. Please note that the dimensions listed above apply to a Standard or exceptionally large Miniature American Eskimo Dog. Toys typically weigh 6 10 pounds and stand 9 12 in height.

American Eskimo Dog Fast Facts

12 - 13 years
United States
20th century
25 - 40 lb
15 - 30 lb
16 - 19"
14 - 17"
Americen Eskimo Dog, American Eskemo Dog or American Eskimmo Dog.
American Spitz


Because of its quick wit and desire to please, the American Eskimo Dog is relatively easy to train and does well in competitive obedience....

Though the dog can be a bit reserved at times, it is not considered to be an exceedingly shy breed. The American Eskimo Dog can be very good with kids if it receives sufficient exposure and interacts with children early in its life. The breed is generally good with other pets, particularly if they are of the same size or slightly larger, although the American Eskimo Dog can be act in a dominating fashion toward smaller animals. The American Eskimo Dog will unfailingly let out a warning bark whenever a stranger approaches its territory, and is therefore an able watchdog.

Caring For a American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog has a beautiful, flowing coat that needs to be brushed approximately twice a week, particularly when shedding....

With regard to exercise, the dog will do well with a daily walk and can also benefit from a free romp in a safe, enclosed yard. Exercise requirements vary by size, with the Standard needing a fairly strenuous workout every day and the Toy little more than a few laps around the house. A fairly healthy breed, the American Eskimo Dog does not get sick very often; occasionally, one will see canine hip dysplasia, patellar luxation and progressive retinal atrophy in the breed.

American Eskimo Dog History

Breed History

Ironically, the American Eskimo Dog, or Eskie, is not actually connected to American Eskimos in any way, and is in fact a product of Germany....

The American Eskimo Dog descends from a number of German spitz breeds, including the Keeshond and Pomeranian. As standards for these breeds were developed in the 19th century, dogs that did not match the standard fell out of favor with the rich and became the companions of the working class.Existing documentation indicates that the American Eskimo Dog was brought to the United States by German immigrants during the 19th century, and as time passed the breed became known as the American Spitz. Around the turn of the 20th century the American Spitz became a popular circus performer, and propagation of the breed at that time largely rested on families buying puppies from circus performers after shows.Following World War I, anti-German sentiment led dog fanciers to drop the word Spitz in favor of the name American Eskimo Dog. Though the breed is no more tied to the Eskimos than a Labrador Retriever, Yorkshire or any other breed, the dogs appearance is redolent of that of large, Northern spitz dogs, and the Eskimo moniker was deemed appropriate. The American Eskimo Dog was recognized by the AKC as a member of the Non-Sporting Group in 1994.