Airedale Terrier Photo

Airedale Terrier Dog Breed Info & Pictures

Among the largest of the terriers, the Airedale has a long flat head and a very wiry and hard coat. The head gives the animal the terrier look, with sharp keen eyes and a beard reminiscent of a Scotty. The nose is always black. The ears are V-shaped and can fold to the back of the head depending on the dogs mood. The dog stands completely square when in formation and is level with straight forequarters and strong hindquarters. The tail is carried high with a slight curve that should not reach the back of the animal. The outer coat is dense and wiry, and the undercoat is short and soft. Coloring is typically in various shades of tan, with darker markings on the saddle and upper parts of the dog; white markings on the chest are also occasionally seen.

Airedale Terrier Fast Facts

10 - 13 years
19th century
~55 lb
~55 lb
Slightly less
Airedale Terier, Airdale Terrier, Airidale Terrier, or Arredale Terrier.
Bingley Terrier, Waterside Terrier


The Airedale is often considered the most flexible of the terriers, being able to herd, retrieve and hunt in addition to the traditional terrier calling of exterminating vermin....

Like most terriers, however, the Airedale is strong-willed and occasionally stubborn, and without proper training the dogs considerable working skills will go to waste. Be firm when training your Airedale and make sure he knows youre the boss, or he could become domineering and intractable. The dog is exceptionally intelligent and can pick up new tricks with surprising speed. In fact, it is fairly common for an Airedale Terrier to seemingly forget a trick, when in fact he has simply grown bored with his owner repeating the same trick request and is ready to move on to something else! The dog is a devoted family member, and can actually provide a surprisingly high level of protection. As one would expect with a protective dog, the Airedale is not the most open to new people and dogs, and should be taught and encouraged to socialize amiably. The Airedale Terrier is an alpha dog and can become hostile to another dog it perceives as challenging its supremacy; a small dog is therefore typically a better companion to this breed.

Caring For a Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier is a highly active breed, and needs a chance to exercise everyday....

The dog is especially fond of being let loose in a field where it can play an invigorating game, explore and dig. Grooming requirements are substantial, and include biweekly combing and monthly clipping and shaping. Puppies will sometimes need to have their ears glued to ensure proper shape. This hardy breed can live outdoors in temperate climates, but is much happier indoors with its family. The Airedale Terrier is a very healthy breed with few inherited diseases. Some things to watch out for include canine hip dysplasia, gastric torsion and hypothyroidism.

Airedale Terrier History

Breed History

The Airedale Terrier as we recognize it today is a result of the efforts of 19th century Yorkshire hunters to create a dog that excelled in hunting a wide range of game....

The mix of breeds that eventually created the Airedale was heavy with the now extinct old English Terrier (which is sometimes referred to as the Black and Tan Terrier) and the Otterhound; Irish and Bull Terriers were also thrown in to fine tune the appearance of the dog. The resulting dog was a powerful mix of strong terrier instincts with the Otterhounds swimming and scenting abilities. Toward the end of the 1800s, the Airedale Terriers star was on the rise, and it could be found with increasing frequency on the farms of rural Britain. Around this time the dog was brought to America, where it was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888; since that time, it has been a perennial winner of the coveted best of all breeds title in all-breeds dog shows. Champion Master Briar, who lived from 1897 to 1906, is considered the patriarch of the breed, and his progeny were largely responsible for spreading the Airedales renown beyond Britain. The Airedale Terrier has been put to work in several wars and as a police dog in the United Kingdom and Germany. The dog has also added to its traditional hunting repertoire, working with big game hunters in Africa, Canada and India.